«Common features An articulation arrangement is used where it is intended to accept students from an approved institution with particular approved ...»
Articulation is a process whereby students at another institution are admitted to the University with
advanced standing. Commonly known as 1+3 or 2+2 arrangement (other combinations are
possible) where a student studies for 1 or 2 years at another institution and enters the University of
Glasgow for a further 2 years or 3 years to qualify with a Glasgow degree. The University reviews
the curriculum, assessments, etc of a specified programme(s) at another organisation and judges if it (or a specified part) provides an appropriate basis, and is of an appropriate leading to a University of Glasgow award. Arrangements normally involve credit accumulation and transfer, so that credit achieved for the approved study at the first institution is transferred to contribute to the programme and award completed at the University.
Common features An articulation arrangement is used where it is intended to accept students from an approved institution with particular approved qualifications/credits on a standard and regular basis to a programme leading to a University of Glasgow award. An articulation agreement is not necessary for students covered by an Erasmus Agreement or other exchange arrangements. Individual students can be admitted to UoG programmes on an advanced entry basis outside of the formal links described here. These students will be considered as part of the normal admissions process.
The partner institution is responsible for the recruitment and selection of students (you may wish, however, to give guidance on acceptable requirements); the registration and regulation of students (including those relating to academic appeals, complaints and student conduct) prior to their entry to University of Glasgow; the design and delivery of the programme of the initial stages, i.e. their own provision; the quality of the student learning experience; the standards of the credit/award and financial matters.
In the case of assessment, the University needs to be assured that the assignments (coursework, projects, and exams) are of an appropriate standard and there are secure arrangements for the conduct of assessments and examinations.
A number of articulation models are possible within current policy. The more common models of articulation relate to undergraduate programmes and are known as ‘1 + 3’ and ‘2 + 2’ arrangements (equivalent breakdown applies to postgraduate programmes). A ‘1 + 3’ model refers to an arrangement where the student will spend 1 year at the partner institution and 3 years at the University of Glasgow. Similarly, in a ‘2 + 2’ articulation students will spend the first 2 years at the partner institution.
A key feature of all articulation arrangements is that a minimum of 50% of the credits contributing to an award of the University must have been gained from the University of Glasgow. This rule applies to the overall programme of study to which a student is admitted and does not apply in the event that a student is not able to complete the intended programme and is subsequently offered an exit award – for example, where a student is admitted to Year 3 of a 4-year Honours programme, but for personal or academic reasons leaves the University after Year 3 with a Designated (General) degree. Exceptions to this policy may be possible and will be considered on a case-by-case basis.
The key issue in any articulation arrangement is the curriculum match and quality of provision prior to entry, as well as the ability of the students to complete the University programme. Partners must report to each other any changes to their respective programme.
What do you need to do?
Firstly, you need to address the key principles for collaborative arrangements. If you are confident that the proposal will satisfy the key principles then you proceed with the following steps.
You will need to undertake a detailed mapping of the partner’s programme to the relevant UoG
programme. The following must be considered in detail:
Work-based experience (where relevant);
Other relevant media.
The above considerations will allow an assessment of the standard, applicability and coverage of the prior study as a prerequisite for entry to the programme. It is important to establish that there are no significant gaps or overlaps with subsequent Glasgow study that would put incoming students at an advantage or disadvantage over other Glasgow students. How would any gaps in the curriculum be addressed - by a bridging course offered by UoG or through changes to the curriculum at the partner institution? There may be an opportunity for you to influence the content and development of the feeder programme and offer advice on necessary staff development.
You will need to review assessments and the assessment process to ensure that standards are appropriate and that there are secure arrangements for the conduct of assessments and examinations. This may involve the partner institution agreeing to a member of UoG staff undertaking a moderating role in the assessment process i.e. assume a role similar to an External Examiner.
The University will be responsible for the students at the point of entry to the University programme.
As students will not be entering the University in Year 1, you must consider what arrangements are needed for their orientation and induction to study at the University of Glasgow.
Where a UoG award has accreditation by a Professional, Statutory or Regulatory Body (PSRB) you will need to consult the PSRB to determine the implications of the proposed articulation for that accreditation.
There have been major changes to UK immigration recently and you should ensure that any student or staff (if required) visa requirements are taken into consideration. Further information can be obtained from the Internationalisation web-site.
Stage and Level of approval
Other (e.g. where an articulation involves less time at Glasgow; Stage 3 (Senate) less than 50% in credits from Glasgow) A diagram summarising the approval process can be found here.
An articulation arrangement may involve partnering with an institution where a Masters degree is taken over a 2 year period. The Student may attend at Glasgow and fulfil the requirements for a UoG Masters degree and then count the credits towards a 2 year programme at the home overseas institution. This is referred to as “double counting” or “reverse articulation”. A separate approval procedure for arrangements of this type has been developed.
What is needed for approval?
A Collaboration Proposal Form should be completed. The form will include information on:
the name of the award for which advanced standing is to be granted;
the name, location and legal standing (public or private HEI, private company, etc) of the proposed partner, including details of current programmes if an existing partner;
the start date and the number of intakes or years for which students are likely to be admitted in the first instance. This will normally be 5 years;
the stage at which students will be entering;
the numbers of students to be admitted at each intake (to include expected and maximum numbers and as percentages of the expected cohort at Glasgow);
the qualification/credits upon which advanced standing will be granted and their status (for example, is it self-validated, a national award, or validated by a recognised HE institution);
a mapping of the partner’s programme/work experience to the UoG programme;
the evidence that students who have achieved the qualification or credits at the partner institution have attained the same standard as students studying the award at Glasgow and entering the same stage of their studies;
in the case of overseas provision, evidence that students will have acquired the competence in the English language to successfully complete their studies at Glasgow; arrangements for the successful operation, management and enhancement of the partnership.
The following documents also need to be submitted the business case for the proposal;
a completed risk assessment form.
Type of Agreement An articulation arrangement is covered by a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) which requires the signature of the Principal and Vice-Chancellor or his nominee. A template MoA is available and should be used for articulation arrangements.
Implementation The management arrangements for an articulation arrangement may just involve regular contact between named individuals from each institution. However, if it is felt appropriate a Joint Management Board may be established.
Monitoring and Review
As part of the maintenance of the articulation arrangement, School/RIs will be expected to:
Provide feedback to the partner relating to student performance and attainment during their studies at UoG.
Seek opportunities to enhance the articulation by support, curriculum design, setting of assessments, moderation, and delivery of academic materials or other contributions from UoG staff. Also if there are planned visits by UoG staff to the partner organisation opportunities should be taken to meet new students, students about to progress to UoG and teaching staff.
The UoG co-ordinator responsible for managing the articulation must also monitor the quality and standards of the partner’s programme through a biennial visit to the partner. The primary objectives of
this visit are to:
Review the maintenance of academic standards on the partner’s programme through reference to samples of assessed student work;
Review any available external reports;
Attend the partner’s assessment board or, by another means, assess the operation of the assessment process;
Keep a watching brief on the partner’s programme to monitor any changes and to ensure it remains relevant;
Advise the partner of any changes to the University’s programme;
Take advantage of any opportunities to advise and support students who are planning to progress to a University programme.
A report should be produced on each visit, which should indicate relevant actions at partner, programme, School/RI, College and University level. A copy of the report should be sent to the agreed key contact at the partner institution. A copy of the report should be retained in the School/RI.
The performance of students entering via an articulation agreement should be monitored and progression rates recorded as part of the annual programme monitoring process.
The monitoring of financial arrangements is also vital to determine performance against the business plan and ensure that the partnership remains viable and cost-effective.
In addition to annual monitoring, there should be a review of the partnership in the final year of the agreement to determine the effectiveness of the partnership and whether to continue, amend or terminate the partnership. The review should be conducted 6-9 months in advance of the end date of the MoA.
Issues to be considered There are a number of general issues to be aware of which apply to all overseas collaborations.
These areas are outlined here. However, specific issues relating to student transition have been experienced in current and recent articulation arrangements. Suggestions for minimising the difficulties
are listed below:
Undertake detailed dialogue with the partner institution to ensure a good curriculum match;
Reflect on how you might go about integrating the incoming students to the cohort already established in Glasgow e.g., introducing a mentoring or ‘buddy’ scheme involving other students on the same programme. Bear in mind also the impact that the maximum numbers to be admitted through articulation (particularly as a percentage) might have on the diversity of the Glasgow cohort.
Consider ways of recording and tracking the progress of the students as a single cohort;