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HIGHER SECONDARY - SECOND YEAR
Untouchability is a sin
Untouchability is a crime
Untouchability is inhuman
College Road, Chennai – 600 006.
© Government of Tamilnadu
First Edition - 2005
Reprint - 2006
Rev. Dr. FRANCIS M. PETER S J Dept. of English, Loyola College, Chennai - 600 034.
Overall Reviewer Thiru S.GOMATHINATHAN Special Officer, ELT / Reader, D.T.E.R.T. (Retired) W–5 (Old 302), 19th Street, Annanagar Western Extension, Chennai-600 101
Thiru. R. Venkata Krishnan Prof. R. Sankara Subramanian Principal Department of English T.I. School Govt. Arts College (Autonomous) Ambattur, Chennai Nandanam, Chennai
Ms.Priscilla Josephine Sarah S M. Arappan ELT Consultant Senior Lecturer (Rtd.) W-5 (Old 302), 19th Street DIET Anna Nagar Western Extension Thirumurthy Nagar Chennai Coimbatore Dist.
Mrs. Nalini Parthiban Dr. R. Palani Principal (Rtd.) Reader in English Vanavani Matric. Hr. Sec. Bharathidasan University School, Chennai Trichy Mrs. Nirmala Jairaj Mrs. K. Leena Anil Language Consultant Research Scholar Chetpet, Chennai Chennai This book has been prepared by The Directorate of School Education on behalf of the Government of Tamilnadu This book has been printed on 60 G.S.M. Paper
Printed by Web Offset at :
Nathan & Company, Chennai - 600 042.
THE NATIONAL ANTHEM
FULL VERSIONJana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Punjaba-Sindhu-Gujarata-MarathaDravida-Utkala-Banga Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga Uchchhala-jaladhi-taranga Tava Subha name jage, Tava Subha asisa mage, Gahe tava jaya-gatha.
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he Jaya jaya, jaya, jaya he.
SHORT VERSIONJana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he Jaya jaya, jaya, jaya he.
AUTHENTIC ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF
THE NATIONAL ANTHEMThou art the ruler of the minds of all people, Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of the Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha, of Dravid, Orissa and Bengal.
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of the Yamuna and Ganges and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for Thy blessings and sing Thy praise The saving of all people waits in Thy hand, Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
Victory, Victory, Victory to Thee.
THE NATIONAL INTEGRATION PLEDGE“I solemnly pledge to work with dedication to preserve and strengthen the freedom and integrity of the nation.” “I further affirm that I shall never resort to violence and that all differences and disputes relating to religion, language, region or other political or economic grievances should be settled by peaceful and constitutional means.”
INVOCATION TO GODDESS TAMIL
Bharat is like the face beauteous of Earth clad in wavy seas;
Deccan is her brow crescent-like on which the fragrant ‘Tilak’ is the blessed Dravidian land.
Like the fragrance of that ‘Tilak’ plunging the world in joy supreme reigns Goddess Tamil with renown spread far and wide.
Praise unto ‘You, Goddess Tamil, whose majestic youthfulness, inspires awe and ecstasy.
PREFACESomeone has said, ‘If all my possessions were taken from me with one exception, I would choose to keep the power of speech, For, by it I would regain all the rest.’ This book is an extension of standard XI communicative English book.
Why this book on communicative English?
Communicative ability in English today in the highly competitive world is your biggest asset if you are proficient. Not being proficient it will be the biggest liability. The difference no matter what your occupation, your success depends to a great extent on your ability to communicate. It gives a deciding edge over a candidate at odds with his skills. The book offers you the deciding edge.
Language is much more than a list of words and their forms and meanings as found in the Dictionaries and of structures and systems as defined in grammar books. The book tells you in unambiguous terms that language is not an artefact but a natural phenomenon, an effective social instrument.
Through this book you will realise that communicative competence is not only the ability to apply the grammatical rules of the language and form correct sentences, but also to know how when and where to use the sentences. It also gives you an idea of the topics to be talked about in different types of speech events and writing.
One point which we want to stress is that it is important not only to speak a language fluently but also to speak it accurately and convincingly.
v Is it not a fact that one of the hallmarks of an achiever is to make a lasting impression with his language ability upon a person he meets?
This book, used properly, will help you to maintain a comfortable and cordial social relationship with all the people.
This book is offered with confidence that it will supply in full measure that linguistic inputs that are required for you to use the language to be at ease with all the people and in all situations.
I am sure that both the teachers and the students are in for an exciting but exacting linguistic journey.
ASKING FOR AND SHOWING
WARM UPIndian government prefers negotiation to confrontation with Pakistan for solving the Kashmir problem.
Discuss What do we mean by ‘negotiation’ and ‘confrontation’?
2) Why does the Indian government prefer negotiation to confrontation?
LET’S ROLE PLAY In a stationery shop Student : Have you got pens?
Shopkeeper : Would you like a ball pen or a micro tipped one?
Student : I prefer a micro tipped pen.
Shopkeeper : What colour do you want?
Student : I want green.
Shopkeeper : Here are some green colour pens. You can choose from them.
Student : (Chooses a pen) How much does this pen cost?
Shopkeeper : Cello pen? This costs Rs.11/Student : Here you are.
Shopkeeper : Thank you.
A telephone talk between a VIP and the Principal of a college. The VIP will be the chief guest for a function in the college.
1) Would you like to wear a T-shirt or a safari while on a tour?
Ans: I’d rather wear a ………………..
2) Which do you prefer - coffee or tea?
Ans: I prefer …………………
3) Do you prefer teaching or practising law?
Ans: I’d rather be a ……………
4) Would you like lassi or orange juice?
Ans: I’d prefer ……………
5) Would you like to watch a horror film or a social play?
Ans: I’d love to watch ……… ACTIVITY: Pair work One can ask the questions above and the other will answer according to his preference.
INVITING, ACCEPTING AN INVITATION
AND DECLINING AN INVITATION
WARM UPInvitation for Wedding Anniversary Mr. Mahesh and Ms. Vimala, children of Mr. Kumar and Mrs.
Meena Kumar request the pleasure of your company at a party celebrating their parents’ thirtieth Wedding Anniversary on Sunday 20th September 2005 at 7 pm, at their residence.
PREM VILLA53, Nafiza Avenue WestAnnanagar Chennai.
Points to ponder:
Note the verb phrase that is used for the function of inviting.
How does this phrase sound - formal, informal or neutral?
LET’S ROLE PLAY I A : Would you like to come and watch a game of cricket with me tomorrow?
B : Thank you, I’d love to.
What time does the game start?
A : It’s at nine in the morning.
B : Shall I come and pick you up around half past eight?
A : That’s fine.
II A : We should be delighted if you could come and have dinner with us this evening.
B : Thank you. That’d give me great pleasure but what’s the occasion?
A : My daughter has passed her MCA Exam with distinction.
B : O great! My congratulations to her.
A : Thank you.
III A : We’re going to Ooty Flower show tomorrow.
Do you fancy coming along?
B : I’d love to, but I’ve got an exam tomorrow afternoon.
A : Its OK. Join us next time.
FOCUS ON COMMUNICATIONWe see different kinds of phrases / utterances used for inviting in the above three dialogues. In the first dialogue, the situation being neutral, the expression for inviting is ‘would you like to ………’ It could also be ‘I’d like you to come and watch …………..’ In the second dialogue, the situation is formal and the expression has to be polite and so it is ‘we should be delighted if you could come ………’ In the third, the persons involved are very close and the situation is informal and hence the expression, ‘Do you fancy coming along’?
Similarly, in the first two dialogues, the invitees accept the invitation and in the third, the invitee declines it.
The following table gives the various expressions depending on situations, for the functions inviting, accepting an invitation and declining one.
1. A : We are going out for dinner on Sunday. How about joining us?
B : Thanks a lot. I’ll come along.
2. A : We’d be happy if you could attend my son’s marriage next Monday.
B : That’s very kind of you to invite me, I’d be delighted to attend.
3. A : You’ll enjoy being with us for high tea at the ‘Residency’ day after. Won’t you?
B : I wish I could, but I’m afraid I am away for a conference that day; but thank you very much.
TASK : Rewrite the following jumbled turns in a dialogue in the correct order.
B : Good evening! Where are you going?
A : Hello, Good evening.
B : I’d like to very much. Thanks a lot. Where’s it held?
B : Island Grounds? Isn’t it too far away?
A : It’s in the Island Grounds.
A : To the book exhibition. Would you like to join me?
A : So what? We’ll go by a taxi.
ACTIVITYRole-play the above dialogue after getting it rewritten in order.
1. On the train, while getting down Gentleman : Can I carry this luggage for you?
Old man : If you’re sure it’s no trouble for you.
Gentleman : Not at all.
Old man : Thanks a lot.
2. Mrs. Sarala is waiting at the station for her husband. Mr.
Giridhar, her office manager is seen there in his car.
Mr. Giri : Can I drive you back home?
Mrs. Sarala : It’s very good of you to offer, Sir. But I’m expecting my husband.
TASK: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate expressions in the following dialogues.
1. A teacher finds his principal unable to button his left hand cuff as he has fractured his right hand. He offers to help him.
Principal : Oh, heavens! My cuff is unbuttoned, I’m unable to reach it.
Teacher : …………………………………… Principal : Please help me, it’s …………… Thanks.
2. At the railway station, Vivek finds an elderly man struggling with a reservation form, unable to read/fill it.
Elderly man : How forgetful I am! I’ve left my reading glasses at home. What can I do now?
Vivek : Sir, if you don’t mind, ………….. fill up the form for you?
Elderly man : God bless you, my son; please do.
Vivek : (Fills up the form and hands it over) Here it is, sir; please take it.